If you are discussing a theory or research study make sure you cite the source of the information.Note this is not the author of a textbook you have read - but the original source / author(s) of the theory or research study.
Consider and if possible, specify the evidence you might draw on and which texts you might refer to.
Before you write your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is asking.
It is best to structure your essay according to key themes.
Themes are illustrated and developed through a number of points (supported by evidence).
It is possible your lecturer will give you some advice - pay attention to this as it will help you plan your answer.
Next conduct preliminary reading based on your lecture notes.
At this stage it's not crucial to have a robust understanding of key theories or studies, but you should at least have a general 'gist' of the literature. This plan could be in the form of a mind map, a summary table, or by writing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a few sentences).
After writing your plan conduct supplementary reading and refine your plan and make it more detailed.
where an alternative explanation might be equally likely because something hasn’t been adequately controlled.
It is very important to elaborate on your evaluation.