Polish the work, ‘top and tail’ it with an introduction and conclusion of about a sentence each, and the result should be an abstract that accordingly states the relevance, purpose, and focus of your work.
There are two types of dissertation abstracts typically used: These tell readers what information the dissertation contains, and include the purpose, methods, and scope of the report, article, or paper.
When people search for information, they enter keywords related to the subject, and the computer prints out the titles of articles, papers, and reports containing those keywords.
A good abstract will use one or more well-developed paragraphs, which are unified, coherent, concise, and able to stand alone.
Many papers in the social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering sciences follow IMRa D structure: their main sections are entitled Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion.
People use the abstract to decide whether to read the rest of the paper, so the abstract for such a paper is important.The keywords that you choose for your abstract assist your paper to be identified using electronic information retrieval systems.Titles and abstracts are filed electronically, and keywords are put in electronic storage.An abstract is a 150- to 250-word paragraph that provides readers with a quick overview of your essay or report and its organization.It should express your thesis (or central idea) and your key points; it should also suggest any implications or applications of the research you discuss in the paper.(The examples above are taken from Form and Style (10th ed.), by Carole Slade; The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers (5th ed.); and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.).) Note: The following are specifications for an abstract in APA style, used in the social sciences, such as psychology or anthropology.If you are in another discipline, check with your professor about the format for the abstract.A good abstract will add no new information, but will simply summarise the dissertation.Moreover, it will be understandable to a wide audience. An abstract helps give your reader a map of your paper before he or she reads it. A dissertation is a long research paper with an original argument that you must write to graduate with a Master’s degree or doctorate.