Instead of marching through Canada without difficulty, the Americans found themselves trying hard to keep the British out of the state of Ohio.For a while, the small American Navy was doing better than the Army.
Private American trade ships had been armed with guns when the war started. By the middle of 1813, a year after the war started, British ships controlled the East coast.
No American ship could enter or leave any port south of New England.
He was planning to cross the border and attack Montreal.
But again the soldiers refused to cross the border.
But the British general there was prepared, and the attack failed.
Although Hull had the stronger force and plenty of supplies, he retreated to Detroit.
The next American attack was made from Fort Niagara, a military post in New York on the shore of Lake Ontario.
A small group of American soldiers crossed the Niagara River and attacked the British.
From VOA Learning English, welcome to The Making of a Nation, our weekly program of American history for people learning English. Sometimes there were also seizures of American sailors. Britain finally suspended its orders against neutral trade, after a change in government. “And so the British were basically fighting the war against the United States on the defensive in Canada, while trying to raid the American coast using their advantage in the more powerful Royal Navy.” For its part, the United States was far from ready to fight. And the officers who knew about war were old enough to have led troops in the American Revolution.
It did so because Britain refused to stop seizing American ships that traded with France—Britain's enemy in Europe. Historian and Pulitzer Prize winner Alan Taylor says that, as a result, the British could send only a small force to the United States.