Thesis On Crime Prevention

Using place managers (employees, attendants, doormen) and rewarding them when they detect fraud helps to establish a more controlled presence in the surroundings as well as more security: having two clerks on duty at night, for instance, is more threatening for the offender than if only one was present.

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are going to increase additionally the risks of them being caught.

Natural surveillance, through improved lighting and defensible space designs, also matters, along with reducing anonymity to create awareness.

Although concealing targets is helpful, some go to the extent of removing them to prevent robberies of bus drivers for instance, exact fare regulations and safes were introduced in the buses.

Registering property identification, done through vehicle licensing and property marking for instance, also reduce thieves’ incentives.

An important part of the situational crime prevention focuses on decreasing the benefits crime offers.

Thesis On Crime Prevention

Offenders are constantly seeking benefits from their acts, whether material for thieves, sexual for sexual offenders, intoxication, excitement, revenge or peers’ approval.At the heart of every crime is a rational decision designed to weigh the risks and benefits for the offender, and in the absence of effective controls, offenders will focus on suitable targets.Routine activity theory relies on the occurrence of three key characteristics: a motivated offender, a suitable victim, and a lack of control.A more controlled access to facilities in which people can sometimes too easily enter when they should not, through electronic access regulations, baggage and body screenings, and use of entry phones would increase the effort.Regulating the entrance is helpful, but screening exits should also be monitored, to decrease shoplifting for instance – it can be done with the use of electronic merchandise tags.The focus of the situational crime prevention is correspondingly based on the belief that crime can be reduced effectively by altering situations rather than an offender’s personal dispositions.Back in 1983, Ronald Clarke primarily divided crime prevention approaches into three categories of measures: degree of surveillance, target hardening measures, and environmental management (Clarke, 193).The concept of situational crime started to gain recognition in the late 1940s when Edwin Sutherland (1947) argued that crime was either “historical” – influenced by previous personal history, or “situational” – the environmental factors encompassing the crime scene.Although acknowledged by the majority of criminologists, the concept of “situation” was not their primary focus and remained ignored up until the 1970s when it regained interest.Finally, two other means of increasing the effort advertised by Clarke are the deflection of offenders (by closing streets, segregating rival groups of sports fans, and providing alternative venues for traffic) and the control of weapons/tools, in an effort to make it difficult for offenders to use them.One such example of this technique was used in Britain, where bar owners now use “toughened” beer glasses to prevent drunk fighting with broken glass.

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