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The data collection and analysis are also based on the theoretical and conceptual framework.
"The theoretical framework is the “blueprint” for the entire dissertation inquiry.
It serves as the guide on which to build and support your study, and also provides the structure to define how you will philosophically, epistemologically, methodologically, and analytically approach the dissertation as a whole.
The purpose is to demonstrate that the relationships you propose are not based on your personal instincts or guesses, but rather formed from facts obtained from authors of previous research.
The development of the theoretical framework helps to clarify your implicit theory in a manner that is more clearly defined.
It identifies a plan for investigation and interpretation of the findings.
The theoretical framework involves a well-supported rationale and is organized in a manner that helps the reader understand and assess your perspective.
18).1 Here, I use the term in a broader sense, to refer to the actual ideas and beliefs that you hold about the phenomena studied, whether these are written down or not; this may also be called the “theoretical framework” or “idea context” for the study.
A valuable guide to developing a conceptual framework and using this throughout the research process, with detailed analyses of four actual studies, is Ravitch and Riggan, Reason & Rigor: How Conceptual Frameworks Guide Research (2011).
Essentially, this is where you describe a “theory” and build your case for investigating that theory.
The theoretical framework is your presentation of a theory that explains a particular problem.