Estimates of the actual economic impact of copyright infringement vary widely and depend on many factors.Nevertheless, copyright holders, industry representatives, and legislators have long characterized copyright infringement as piracy or theft – language which some U. courts now regard as pejorative or otherwise contentious. (2000), "Software piracy among academics: an empirical study in Brunei Darussalam", Information Management & Computer Security, Vol.
Prior to the Statute of Anne in 1710, the Stationers' Company of London in 1557, received a Royal Charter giving the company a monopoly on publication and tasking it with enforcing the charter.
Those who violated the charter were labelled pirates as early as 1603.
Copyright infringement (colloquially referred to as piracy) is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission for a usage where such permission is required, thereby infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
The copyright holder is typically the work's creator, or a publisher or other business to whom copyright has been assigned.
This form of the word – a portmanteau of "freeloading" and "bootlegging" – was suggested by You Tuber and podcaster Brady Haran in the podcast Hello Internet.
The phrase was also the title of the episode the phrase was coined on.
In a public talk between Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and Brent Schlender at the University of Washington in 1998, Bill Gates commented on piracy as a means to an end, whereby people who use Microsoft software illegally will eventually pay for it, out of familiarity, as a country's economy develops and legitimate products become more affordable to businesses and consumers: Although about three million computers get sold every year in China, people don't pay for the software. And as long as they're going to steal it, we want them to steal ours.
They'll get sort of addicted, and then we'll somehow figure out how to collect sometime in the next decade.
The term "freebooting" has been used to describe the unauthorized copying of online media, particularly videos, onto websites such as Facebook, You Tube or Twitter.
The word itself had already been in use since the 16th century, referring to pirates, and meant "looting" or "plundering".