Social Stratification Essay

Stratification divides the society in several levels/groups/classes which are considered essential for systematisation of social living.

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The behaviour of Indian political system clearly bears the influence of caste based social stratification of society…

It is therefore essential for us to understand the nature of social stratification in general and social stratification in India in particular.

Every society has always been a stratified society.

Social stratification characterises each society and it has been a universally present feature of all human societies.

That is why every study of social relations essential demands a study of social stratification.

Naturally, all students of Sociology give a very important place to the study of social stratification. It is always greatly influenced by its social environment.Also celebrities and aristocratic members have social prestige.Economic standards put the individuals in different classes.They have defined it as a system or phenomena of structured or systematic inequality of ranking in the society.Some definitions of social stratification are given here:(i) A stratified society is one marked by inequality and by differences among people that is evaluated by them as being ‘lower’ and ‘higher.Societies are divided into hierarchical groups in a way that though various groups are considered unequal in relation to each other yet within one group, members are viewed as equals.It will be an ideal society where all members are equal.In very simple words: Social Stratification is the name of formation of a hierarchy of social levels or positions in society.Hence, social stratification could be examined in the light of the following: It is the division of people of one society into groups and communities The division is based on innate characteristics including caste, clan, tribe, race and ethnicity Individual and collective efforts also pave the way towards division of society, which include immigration status, occupation, nature and level of education, geographical location, region and area and work place Some of the characteristics of social stratification are apparently inherited, though turns out to be ascribed one in later life; religious belief, sect and nationality are these forms of stratification.The nature of social stratification acts as a determinant of political behaviour and relations of the people.This makes it essential for every student of Political Sociology to study the meaning, nature and basis of Social Stratification.


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