The topics considered in this study reflect a broad approach that could reasonably be expected in Kenya, given cultural contexts.
We did not include topics such as sexual pleasure or desire, which are not culturally appropriate in the country setting.
This report provides a snapshot of how sexuality education policies in Kenya are translated into practice in secondary schools, and what students, teachers and principals think about them.
Data from official documents, key informant interviews and school-based surveys were used to examine how sexuality education programs in three counties were developed, implemented and experienced.
One aim of the study was to measure the comprehensiveness in the range of topics offered.
Sex Education In Public Schools Research Essay
Although the Kenyan government does not claim to be providing comprehensive sexuality education in schools, we assessed the range of topics according to international standards, in order to provide a baseline measure for developing policies or curricula in the future.
In the three geographic areas included in the current study, adolescents living in Homa Bay county were more likely to initiate sex at an early age (24% of females and 39% of males) than were those living in Mombasa (6% and 26%, respectively) or Nairobi county (10% and 17%, respectively).
Contraceptive use is relatively low among adolescents in Kenya.
The study on which this report is based was conducted as part of a multicountry study to assess the implementation of sexuality education in four countries from two regions (Latin America and Africa): Peru, Guatemala, Ghana and Kenya.† In each region, one country was chosen that is at a relatively more advanced implementation stage with its sexuality education program (Peru and Ghana), and another was chosen that is at an earlier stage (Guatemala and Kenya); these selections were based on reviews of policy documents and curricula, program evaluations and other regional reports, as well as consultation with stakeholders and research partners.
While a major aim of the overall study is to compare all four countries, this report presents findings only for Kenya.