No threatened populations currently listed under the TSC Act and the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) have been recorded on the site.
One Endangered Ecological Community (EEC), being the ‘Swamp Sclerophyll Forest on coastal floodplains of the NSW north coast, Sydney basin and south east corner bioregions’, is located in the swamp forest adjoining Nelson Bay Road.
The most positive human impact that has been made on the Stockton Bight Coastal Sand Dunes was by the Aboriginal people, particularly the Worimi Nation.
The Worimipeople, through a practice called "fire stick farming", have actively encouraged vegetation growth.
Many of these will be covered in more detail in the next chapter in contemporary management strategies.
Humans have adversely affected the Coastal Dunes at Stockton Bight particularly on the biophysical processes occurring in the accretion cycle, and on the flora and fauna in the biosphere.Fern Bay is a recent housing development and by its own Species Impact Statement has found that there are a number of significant impacts that will take place on the biosphere. The site is also part of a local corridor of native vegetation and contains key habitats for threatened species in the region.Accordingly potential impacts on flora and fauna must be considered in this assessment...At the southern end of the Stockton Bight , the building of the the large sea walls at the mouth of the Hunter River has had catastrophic effects on the sediment flow and depositing of sand along the beach around Stockton township.The sediment provided by longshore drift is not getting to the beach and dunes in that area.As mentioned in the previous chapter, humans have been responsible for changing the lithosphere and biosphere on Coastal Sand Dunes.The Stockton Bight Coastal Sand Dunes are no exception and humans have had both positive and negative impacts upon them.The built environment in this area, especially the Stockton Caravan Park and Surf Club, are in danger of being claimed by the sea as each big storm brings with it destructive waves that erode the foredune area but the flow of sediment to replenish it has been altered by the sea wall. Coastal Dunes are located along an area that is desirable for human habitation as its intrinsic value has made it a popular place for where people want to live.Since demand for land and housing near coasts are high, coastal dunes have high economic worth (utility value).Some of the main vegetation species found at Stockton Bight -such as Banksias, Wattles, and Eucalypts- depend on fire for the propagation of their seeds and for the development of new growth.By deliberately lighting fires, the indigenous peoples have contributed the growth of the thick forests and woodlands that were found in the secondary and tertiary vegetation zones.