The solution to the problem lay in separating these two commitments into different realms, and that is precisely what Descartes suggested.
The dualism of mind and matter suggested that there were two radically different kinds of realities, each sufficient in itself, and each requiring a different methodology with different assumptions. If there is another type of reality besides the body, this non-body can survive death.
The spiritual world is usually described negatively as the non-physical, non-material reality underlying the non-empirical world, variously called the psychological, the mental, or the spiritual world.
The principle of dualism predates scientific study of behavior, and the assumption that 'the person' comprises of two systems, mental and physical, provides epistemic justification for asserting that behavioral measures count as evidence of other systems.
The assumption of two domains continues to underpin scientific accounts of human action.
Descartes was a scientist who not only wanted to contribute to empirical knowledge, but he also felt the strictures of the Roman Catholic Church.In the classical and mediaeval periods, it was the intellect that was thought to be most obviously resistant to a materialistic account from Descartes on, the main stumbling block to materialist monism was supposed to be 'consciousness', of which phenomenal consciousness or sensation came to be considered as the paradigm instance.Dualism resolved a conflict for Descartes between his materialist interests and important religious concerns of his time by allowing him to distinguish mechanical behavior from behavior generated by something called 'free will'.Some dualists are fond of drawing a significant inference from the fact that we use different kinds of language to talk about physical things and non-physical things.They note that when we talk about physical things we use language that locates or causally connects objects in space.When we talk about processes such as thinking, however, we don't use the language of things in space.We don't think of thinking as taking place in a particular place or of a thought as having physical dimensions.All sources on which posts are based must include correctly APA formatted source crediting in the body of the posts and in References lists attach to post ends. Provide an analysis of the debate between the theories of dualism and monism. Support your perspective with research and everyday examples.The non-body can conceivably exist eternally in a non-physical world, enjoying non-physical pleasures or pains distributed by a non-physical God.This notion seems to be non-sense, but it apparently gives many people great comfort and hope.