Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity.
Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher.
You can often identify the owner by locating a © copyright notice, but as mentioned above, not all copyrighted works have a notice.
You may need to contact the author or publisher directly to find out who owns the copyright.
Some authors transfer copyright to another entity, such as a journal publisher or an organization.
In these cases, you must obtain permission from that entity to use or reproduce the instrument.If you do not have much information about who actually owns the copyright, be honest with your contacts, and they may be able to help you find the right person.Once you have identified the copyright holder, you must determine the scope of your permission request.In exchange for abiding by the terms, the copyright holder grants the licensee specific and limited rights, such as the right to use the instrument in scholarly research, or to reproduce the instrument in a If you are only using a limited portion of the instrument, your use may be covered under the Fair Use Doctrine.If the copyright owner is an individual, you will need to do the usual Internet and telephone searches to find the person.Be ready to introduce yourself and to explain carefully what you are seeking.If you want to use surveys, questionnaires, interview questions, tests, measures, or other instruments created by other people, you are required to locate and follow usage permissions.The instrument may be protected by copyright and/or licensing restrictions.Include the following information: After securing permission to use and/or reproduce the instrument, save a copy of the correspondence and the agreement.Documentation allows you to demonstrate to others that you have the legal right to use the owner's work.