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A citation is the evidence that you have done research.Citations link your reader to the sources that informed your thinking and show that you are participating in a scholarly conversation.Referencing is an essential part of writing any research paper, so err on the side of caution.
For example If there are six or more authors, you can use the abbreviation straightaway.
Occasionally, you may have to use a source that has been referenced in another source.
You can find these manuals on the shelves in UTAS Library branches.
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For example, This makes it clear that you could not access the original work, and that you correctly attribute the original findings to the researcher who actually performed the initial research.
A few standards, such as Chicago style and the Council of Biology Editors (BCE) use a footnote numbering system, where a number is used and cross-referenced with the endnote section and bibliography: It is always best to over cite, and avoid accusations of plagiarism, but there are a few times that citation is not necessary.Occasionally, you will use direct quotes from another source, but most of the time you will be paraphrasing the work.You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from.Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field.It is perfectly acceptable to quote the work of others and, in fact, it is essential that you do so.If you can, try to find the original source and use that.If you cannot obtain this source, then you need to use a two-stage referencing system.Offering a citation gives your readers and other scholars access to your information sources if they wish to follow-up, or find more information on your topic. UTAS Library holds print Style Manuals (complete guides) for the following referencing styles: Harvard, APA, MLA, Chicago, Vancouver & Turabian.General knowledge, such as 'Crick and Watson discovered the structure of DNA,' will not need referencing.Common knowledge in the field is generally fine, too, although you should err on the side of caution.