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It is only having a cathartic (i.e., healing) experience can the person be helped and "cured." Unconscious thoughts and feelings can transfer to the conscious mind in the form of parapraxes, popularly known as Freudian slips or slips of the tongue.
For example, someone fixated at the oral stage, which is actually the first stage in psychosexual development, might have oral personality characteristics like being overly talkative or having a smoking habit when they grow up. So Freud breaks down those mental structures that I was talking about into three parts. So let's break this down into two parts first. You know that saying, it's only the tip of the iceberg that we see? And it seeks long-term gratification as opposed to the id's immediate gratification. Now, what I mean by "conflict" is not this whole battle or drama that plays out. And this is us, looking-- we're in little bit of a conflict. So for example, a financially stressed patient tells his doctor, oh, doctor, please don't give me any bills.
The top of the iceberg, which is shown up here, above the surface of the water, is the conscious part of our mind. And if that's the conscious, what do you think this bottom is? In the third compartment, right over here, I'm going to try to fit it in, is the superego. But it's a conflict between these three mental structures of our mind, the ego, the superego, and the id. Well, what he really meant to say was, please don't give me any pills.
According to Freud the analysis of dreams is "the royal road to the unconscious." He argued that the conscious mind is like a censor, but it is less vigilant when we are asleep.
As a result, repressed ideas come to the surface - though what we remember may well have been altered during the dream process. Freud believed that very often the real meaning of a dream had a sexual significance and in his theory of sexual symbolism he speculates on the underlying meaning of common dream themes.
As a result, we need to distinguish between the manifest content and the latent content of a dream. Psychoanalysis (along with Rogerian humanistic counseling) is an example of a global therapy (Comer, 1995, p.
143) which has the aim of helping clients to bring about a major change in their whole perspective on life.
For example, a nutritionist giving a lecture intended to say we should always demand the best in bread, but instead said bed.
Another example is where a person may call a friend's new partner by the name of a previous one, whom we liked better.
So let's dive into the first theory of personality, called the psychoanalytic theory.
Now, you've probably heard of someone super famous in the psychology world named Sigmund Freud. Well, it so happens-- fun fact here-- that Freud was not even a psychologist.