Problem Solving Characteristics

Problem Solving Characteristics-71
Teachers may also have other ideas of features that they want to add and they should be encouraged to do this.

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Problem Solving and Decision Making: Consideration of Individual Differences Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator William G. Abstract Improving individuals' and groups' abilities to solve problems and make decisions is recognized as an important issue in education, industry, and government.

Problem solving and decision making: Consideration of individual differences using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

In fact, Gagne (1974, 1984) considers the strategies used in these processes to be a primary outcome of modern education.

Although there is increasing agreement regarding the prescriptive steps to be used in problem solving, there is less consensus on specific techniques to be employed at each step in the problem-solving/decision-making process.

Firstly, we examine four tasks of different types to compare their main features and identify their particular characteristics.

(The tasks you use do not have to be those provided in the toolkit.Ask the teachers to work in small groups again and revisit one or two of the tasks from earlier.This time ask them to discuss: to record their thoughts.Teachers often find it easier to think about the mathematical knowledge rather than the skills needed. Ask the teachers to consider: What particular skills would they like their students to develop? As a group, select a task (from the mascil classroom materials or from other sources) and discuss how you might use this in the classroom.The following (incomplete) list of skills can be used to prompt ideas: Ask the teachers if they agree with the items in this list. Alternatively, the group might consider how they could develop one or more of the sample tasks to increase the opportunities for problem solving.Students can use drawings to help them look at a problem from many different perspectives.In this tool we further explore the meaning of problem solving and what a problem in mathematics may look like.Problem-solving involves three basic functions: Problem-solving is, and should be, a very real part of the curriculum.It presupposes that students can take on some of the responsibility for their own learning and can take personal action to solve problems, resolve conflicts, discuss alternatives, and focus on thinking as a vital element of the curriculum.One conclusion that may be drawn from these investigations is that individual differences in problem solving and decision making must be considered to adequately understand the dynamics of these processes (Stice, 1987).Attention must be paid to both the problem-solving process and the specific techniques associated with important personal characteristics.


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