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Fielding considers that Adela may have suffered from a hallucination, a theory that may be quite close to the mark.Perhaps in the case of Adela, the Marabar cave she entered might symbolize the depths of the unconscious mind.She admits to hearing the same mysterious echo that Mrs.
Later, when Fielding visits him, Aziz shows him a picture of his dead wife.
Fielding has none of the prejudice against Indians that the other English people have, and is happy to reciprocate Aziz's trust and affection.
The Islamic mosque and the Hindu temple present positive images of the two dominant religions of India.
The Caves draw out some of the significance of Indian spirituality-Hindu rather than Islamic-that are problematic for Westerners.
The end of the novel poignantly expresses the gulf that circumstances and race have placed between Aziz and Fielding, and which cannot be bridged.
Although they both want to continue their restored friendship, Aziz insists that it cannot happen until the English leave India. What is the significance, if any, of the titles of each section: Mosque, Caves and Temple?The Marabar Caves represent the mysterious depths of Indian spirituality, which cannot be grasped by Westerners.The Caves signify a cultural divide, a kind of stumbling block that negates all efforts to circumvent it.Aziz is emotional, imaginative, and poetic: "In every remark he found a meaning, but not always the true meaning, and his life though vivid was largely a dream" (chapter 7).The down-to-earth Englishman who relies on facts and information to solve life's problems could hardly be more of a contrast.Aziz is also quick to take offense, and even Fielding eventually starts to believe that all Indians are likely to let a man down. He accuses Fielding of deserting him, even though Fielding had been prevented by Mr.Turton from accompanying him to jail, and had staunchly declared his belief in Aziz's innocence.However, he feels a trifle uncomfortable with the emotional Aziz, because his own nature is more reserved, and he does not usually form close friendships.But the friendship does not survive unscathed, partly because the two men are so different in temperament.The most important relationship in the novel is that between two men, Aziz and Fielding.The relationships between men and women-primarily those between Adela and Ronny, and Adela and Fielding-are superficial by comparison.