A unified military organization among the Soviet-bloc countries, the Warsaw Pact, was formed in 1955; and West Germany was admitted into NATO that same year.
Another intense stage of the Cold War was in 1958–62.
Explain how movement, communication and trade was conducted between the ‘two Berlins’. Research three attempts to escape the Soviet bloc during the Cold War. Did this change of leadership improve US-Soviet relations? Describe the governments and policies of both Yugoslavia and Romania during the Cold War. Evaluate the role of Pope John Paul II in undermining socialism and ending the Cold War in Europe. How effective was the United Nations in minimising conflict and easing tensions during the Cold War? How did his actions and policies contribute to ending the Cold War? What factors led to popular uprisings against socialism in eastern Europe in 1989?
Byrnes’ September 1946 address called the “Speech of Hope”? Evaluate Khrushchev’s policies and statements with regard to Berlin. Discuss the relationship between East Berlin and West Berlin, between 1946 and the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. What impressions did the two leaders form of each other? Research the political and paramilitary activities of Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara. How did this event influence and change the Cold War? How were civilians trained to respond to a nuclear attack? How did the death of Joseph Stalin and the rise of Nikita Khrushchev change the Cold War?
What did Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev mean when he described Berlin as the “testicles of the West”? Why was this move unacceptable to the United States? Did the US really wage “undeclared war” on Cuba, as Castro has claimed? What was the doctrine of “Mutually Assured Destruction” and how effective was it at avoiding conflict? In October 1949 Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party emerged as the new leaders of China. How did this idea shape Western policy in the Cold War? What precautions did governments take to protect their civilian population during and after a nuclear strike?