Origins Cold War Essay

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A unified military organization among the Soviet-bloc countries, the Warsaw Pact, was formed in 1955; and West Germany was admitted into NATO that same year.

Another intense stage of the Cold War was in 1958–62.

Explain how movement, communication and trade was conducted between the ‘two Berlins’. Research three attempts to escape the Soviet bloc during the Cold War. Did this change of leadership improve US-Soviet relations? Describe the governments and policies of both Yugoslavia and Romania during the Cold War. Evaluate the role of Pope John Paul II in undermining socialism and ending the Cold War in Europe. How effective was the United Nations in minimising conflict and easing tensions during the Cold War? How did his actions and policies contribute to ending the Cold War? What factors led to popular uprisings against socialism in eastern Europe in 1989?

Byrnes’ September 1946 address called the “Speech of Hope”? Evaluate Khrushchev’s policies and statements with regard to Berlin. Discuss the relationship between East Berlin and West Berlin, between 1946 and the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. What impressions did the two leaders form of each other? Research the political and paramilitary activities of Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara. How did this event influence and change the Cold War? How were civilians trained to respond to a nuclear attack? How did the death of Joseph Stalin and the rise of Nikita Khrushchev change the Cold War?

What did Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev mean when he described Berlin as the “testicles of the West”? Why was this move unacceptable to the United States? Did the US really wage “undeclared war” on Cuba, as Castro has claimed? What was the doctrine of “Mutually Assured Destruction” and how effective was it at avoiding conflict? In October 1949 Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party emerged as the new leaders of China. How did this idea shape Western policy in the Cold War? What precautions did governments take to protect their civilian population during and after a nuclear strike?

Why did Moscow agree to install ballistic missiles on the island of Cuba? Why is the handling of the Cuban missile crisis referred to as an example of brinkmanship? Did Kennedy’s presidency escalate or ease Cold War tensions? Summarise the United States’ Cuba policy after the missile crisis. Was Castro’s Cuba a communist utopia, an oppressive dictatorship or something else? Explain how nuclear weapons shaped policy and attitudes during the Cold War. Investigate civil defence measures of the 1950s and 1960s. Explain why the Korean peninsula was divided along the 38th parallel in 1945. What people, policies and events contributed to this separate development? Describe how the Allies responded to the Berlin Blockade in 1948. What methods did they use and how successful were they? Why did the East German government erect a wall in Berlin in 1961? What was the Bay of Pigs campaign and what did it seek to achieve? Referring to specific sources, explain how propaganda depicted life in both capitalist and socialist nations. Research two or three ‘proxy wars’ during the Cold War. Evaluate the Reagan administration’s strategy during the Cold War. Poland was one Soviet bloc nation to experience popular opposition to the socialist government. How did music challenge or change ideas and attitudes? What impact did it have on the Soviet Union and the Cold War? Discuss the people, events and factors that contributed to this significant event. Why was there an attempted against Mikhail Gorbachev in August 1991? For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. Why did Germany evolve into two separate states between 19? Why did those concerned seek to escape to the West? How did socialism in these countries compare to that in Soviet bloc nations? How did propaganda shape public attitudes during the Cold War? Identify some notable ‘successes’ and ‘failures’ of the UN. Discuss how popular music contributed to the decline of the Cold War. Referring to two specific countries, explain how popular movements led to political reform. What brought about the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989? What factors brought about the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Citation information Title: “Cold War essay questions” Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Jim Southey, Steve Thompson Publisher: Alpha History URL: Date published: September 30, 2018 Date accessed: September 06, 2019 Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission.The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart.The Soviet Union began to establish left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe, determined to safeguard against a possible renewed threat from Germany. aid had brought certain Western countries under American influence and the Soviets had established openly communist regimes.Meanwhile, Japan and certain Western countries were becoming more economically independent.Increasingly complex international relationships developed as a result, and smaller countries became more resistant to superpower cajoling.The Cold War truly began to break down during the administration of Mikhail Gorbachev, who changed the more totalitarian aspects of the Soviet government and tried to democratize its political system.Communist regimes began to collapse in eastern Europe, and democratic governments rose in East Germany, Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia, followed by the reunification of West and East Germany under NATO auspices.In the late 1950s, both the United States and the Soviet Union were developing intercontinental ballistic missiles. The confrontation that followed, known as the Cuban missile crisis, brought the two superpowers to the brink of war before an agreement was reached to withdraw the missiles.In 1962 the Soviet Union began to secretly install missiles in Cuba to launch attacks on U. The conflict showed that both superpowers were wary of using their nuclear weapons against each other for fear of mutual atomic annihilation.


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