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Ongoing research continues to explore the connection between genetics and OCD and may help improve OCD diagnosis and treatment.
Imaging studies have shown differences in the frontal cortex and subcortical structures of the brain in patients with OCD.
If you are prescribed a medication, be sure you: Other medications have been used to treat OCD, but more research is needed to show the benefit for these options.
For basic information about these medications, you can visit the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Mental Health Medications webpage.
Sometimes people with OCD also have other mental disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and body dysmorphic disorder, a disorder in which someone mistakenly believes that a part of their body is abnormal.
It is important to consider these other disorders when making decisions about treatment.OCD is typically treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two.Although most patients with OCD respond to treatment, some patients continue to experience symptoms.Note for Health Care Providers: There are comprehensive and validated screening instruments for quantifying and tracking signs and symptoms of OCD.One example is the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), which you can find on the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)* website OCD is a common disorder that affects adults, adolescents, and children all over the world.If symptoms do not improve with these types of medications, research shows that some patients may respond well to an antipsychotic medication (such as risperidone).Although research shows that an antipsychotic medication may be helpful in managing symptoms for people who have both OCD and a tic disorder, research on the effectiveness of antipsychotics to treat OCD is mixed.Obsessions are repeated thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety.Common symptoms include: Some individuals with OCD also have a tic disorder.Symptoms may come and go, ease over time, or worsen.People with OCD may try to help themselves by avoiding situations that trigger their obsessions, or they may use alcohol or drugs to calm themselves.