Literature Review on Childhood Obesity By: Obesity is a growing problem among U. This is double the rate of 30 years ago (National Center for Health Statistics, 1999). In 1994, one in five children between the ages of 6 and 17 was overweight.
The gold standard is becoming the BMI, since this is also used Researches studies differ on whether obese consume more energy (calories) than non-obese individuals.Obesity can impair health even in childhood and unfold negative health consequences through an individual's lifespan.In Germany, to date, a systematic and periodically updated synopsis of the multifaceted determinants of childhood obesity is lacking.Published on: December 10, 2018 doi: 10.17756/jocd.2018-020 Citation: Merrotsy A, Mc Carthy AL, Flack J, Coppinger T. Obesity Prevention Programs in Children: The Most Effective Settings and Components. The current widespread concern with weight reduction rests on at least two assumptions: first, that weight-reduction programs are effective; second, that they are harmless.For example, Gazzaniga, found that the percentage of body fat was positively correlated with total dietary fat.Still, other researchers suggest that the reasons are metabolic in origin and that obese individuals "process" foods differently resulting in an increase in body fat.Overweight and obesity are now the most common childhood disorders in Europe.These disorders can cause social, psychological and physiological health problems in childhood and are linked to obesity and poor health outcomes later in life.Although how these factors affect obesity are not fully understood, one thing is clear: Obesity results when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure and is stored as fat.Ellyn Satter (1987), author of Child of Mine: Feeding with Love and Good Sense, firmly believes in the importance of "the feeding relationship" and its implications for obesity.