The darkness crearly provides Macbeth with the tools to commit the crime and sway the murders decision. Come, seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day, And with thy bloody and invisible hand Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Which keeps me pale!
Light thickens, and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood: Good things of day begin to droop and drowse, Whiles night's black agents to their preys do rouse.
The murders that are seen occur at night which makes us realize that the most horrible crimes are committed in the darkness.
The study shows that since Macbeth is a tragedy theme of darkness is suitable to take place in the play which evaluates the plot with such horrible crimes.
( Shakespeare,1994; 29) Witches do not directly advice Macbeth to kill King Duncan, they use a subtle form of temptation when they inform Macbeth that he is destined to be king, by placing this thought in his mind, they guide him on the path to his own destruction.
Banquo foreshadows the terrible events to come with an allusion to the witches as " instruments of darkness" that sometimes speak the truth in order to bring their listeners to ruin.
The disorder in Nature is symbolized by the slaying of the falcon, the royal bird, by an owl.
Darkness is used to illustrate the unnatural character of Macbeth’s crime in killing the king which was considered at that time to be crime against God and nature.
During the conversation between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth after the Duncan’s murder Lady Macbeth makes mention of "the owl that shriek’d and the crickets’ cry".( Shakespeare, 1994; 46) "The owl clamours all through the night; Duncan's horses devour each other in frenzy; the dawn comes, but no light with it.
Common sights and sounds, the crying of crickets, the croak of the raven, the light thickening after sunset, the homecoming of the rooks, are all ominous".( Bradley, 1905;337).