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This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for continuing medical education (CME). Kidney stones are a common disorder, with an annual incidence of eight cases per 1,000 adults.During an episode of renal colic, the first priority is to rule out conditions requiring immediate referral to an emergency department, then to alleviate pain, preferably with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.A research on the quality of life of patients with kidney stones was conducted.
Nephrolithiasis or kidney stone—a mineral metabolism disorder—develops during the early life of a child and the frequency is expected to increase over the lifetime.
The formation of kidney stones is connected with serious medical conditions and is of utmost importance for physicians while assessing and treating the patients. All the minerals are in crystal form and the crystal faces are well defined.
In a study that analyzed the urine samples of children with hypercalciuria (HC) and without HC, it was found that there was an increase in phosphaturia, magnesuria, uricosuria, citraturia and natriuresis among HC children with no lithiasis.
Research has proved that stone growth is dependent on the urine that is supersaturated in the pelvic region.
Many young patients being diagnosed with kidney stones is a matter of great concern.
Developments in the field of endourology have paved the way for surgery with minimally invasive techniques.
8 Most are of noninfectious etiology and are associated with low fluid intake, hot climate, and certain comorbidities and risk factors (e.g., hypertension; gout; obesity; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; excessive intake of protein, carbohydrates, and sodium).1Address correspondence to Leonardo Ferreira Fontenelle, MD, MPH, Ph D, Universidade Vila Velha, Rua Sao Joao, No. Expectant management of ureter stones: outcome and clinical factors of spontaneous passage in a single institution's experience.
48, Vila Velha, Espírito Santo, Brazil 29101-420 (e-mail: [email protected]). Managing acute renal colic across the primary-secondary care interface: a pathway of care based on evidence and consensus [published correction appears in Pathan SA, Mitra B, Cameron PA.
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