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short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995.Originally containing digitized back issues of academic journals, it now also includes books and other primary sources, and current issues of journals. JSTOR originally was conceived as a solution to one of the problems faced by libraries, especially research and university libraries, due to the increasing number of academic journals in existence.When the bulk-download was discovered, a video camera was placed in the room to film the mysterious visitor and the relevant computer was left untouched.
Swartz surrendered to authorities, pleaded not guilty to all counts, and was released on $100,000 bail. The availability of most journals on JSTOR is controlled by a "moving wall", which is an agreed-upon delay between the current volume of the journal and the latest volume available on JSTOR.
This time period is specified by agreement between JSTOR and the publisher of the journal, which usually is three to five years.
Posted articles are generally based on JSTOR entries, and some entries provide the backstory to current events.
JSTOR has been running a pilot program of allowing subscribing institutions to provide access to their alumni, in addition to current students and staff.
According to Harvard Law professor Lawrence Lessig, JSTOR had been asked "how much would it cost to make this available to the whole world, how much would we need to pay you? Internet activist Aaron Swartz noted that by limiting access to the knowledge produced at public universities and financed by US government and students, JSTOR was earning billions of US dollars each year to for-profit corporations that did not invest in any of these public works.
Instead of benefiting the creators of the knowledge or its sponsors, JSTOR secured multi-billion dollar profits for private publishers, by repackaging their publications in academic databases that university libraries pay thousands of dollars to subscribe to, so that their students can access the content.
The Alumni Access Program officially launched in January 2013.
Inquiries have been made about the possibility of making JSTOR open access.
JSTOR access improved based on feedback from its initial sites, and it became a fully searchable index accessible from any ordinary web browser.
Special software was put in place to make pictures and graphs clear and readable.