Many students assume that the instructor is the primary audience for the writing.Although your instructor may be your audience for an essay, he or she may also expect you to write for your classmates or others in your field of study.
In addition to knowing who your audience is, you must understand the purpose of your writing.
Writers always have a specific reason for writing, and purpose includes what the author intends to accomplish in the writing and how the author wants the reader to use the information.
someone—that is, you should target an audience for your writing assignment.
Audience analysis is crucial to understanding what should go into each piece of writing.
You should consider your audience’s needs in your research; your content; the background information you provide; your tone, style, and wording; and the frequency with which you define terminology.
Analyzing your audience will help you make the necessary decisions about what you will write.Other students begin planning the writing and answer these questions later.Actually, this series of planning activities includes prewriting activities and perhaps some research.One technique that effective writers use is to begin a fresh paragraph for each new idea they introduce.Paragraphs separate ideas into logical, manageable chunks.The following list, although not exhaustive, can help you do that.Be aware that your instructor or your particular writing assignment may require more information about your audience.One paragraph focuses on only one main idea and presents coherent sentences to support that one point.Because all the sentences in one paragraph support the same point, a paragraph may stand on its own. In academic settings, the reasons for writing fulfill four main purposes: to summarize, to analyze, to synthesize, and to evaluate.After you determine the nature of your audience and your purpose, you must determine how this information affects your planning and writing decisions.For example, the audience profile will tell you the following: Some students prefer to answer these questions before they begin to write.