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Generally, tables give the actual experimental results, while figures are often used for comparisons of experimental results with those of previous works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).Whatever your choice is, no illustrations should duplicate the information described elsewhere in the manuscript.Lines joining data only can be used when presenting time series or consecutive samples data (e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5).
Here you need to compare the published results by your colleagues with yours (using some of the references included in the Introduction).
Never ignore work in disagreement with yours, in turn, you must confront it and convince the reader that you are correct or better. Avoid statements that go beyond what the results can support.2.
Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, a research center in the Basque Country in Spain specializing in marine research and food technologies.
Formerly he was also Head of the Department of Oceanography and Head of the Marine Management Area.
Your data are the driving force of the paper, so your illustrations are critical!
How do you decide between presenting your data as tables or figures?Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing his experience and does not represent Elsevier’s policy.However, in response to your feedback, we worked with him to update this post so it reflects our practices.Use sub-headings to keep results of the same type together, which is easier to review and read.Number these sub-sections for the convenience of internal cross-referencing, but always taking into account the publisher's Guide for Authors.An important issue is that you must not include references in this section; you are presenting Here you must respond to what the results mean.Probably it is the easiest section to write, but the hardest section to get right.List the methods in the same order they will appear in the Results section, in the logical order in which you did the research: However, remember that most journals offer the possibility of adding Supporting Materials, so use them freely for data of secondary importance.In this way, do not attempt to "hide" data in the hope of saving it for a later paper.To this end: If you are using photographs, each must have a scale marker, or scale bar, of professional quality in one corner.In photographs and figures, use color only when necessary when submitting to a print publication.