Hobbes Egoism Essay

Whereas altruism asserts that human beings should act in ways that help others, Egoism is a theory, in ethics, that human beings act or should act in their own interests and desires.Modern psychologist have been challenged to reconcile the two seemingly mutually exclusive theories expanding sphere of investments in others.Egoism is opposed to altruism, which asserts that human beings should act in ways that help others.

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Fire-fighters risked their lives, indeed some died, in the September 11, 2001, tragedy in the United States.

In addition, a wave of financial gifts to victims and their families followed, as well as volunteers ready to help at the Ground Zero and Pentagon sites of devastation.

For Freud, human behavior results from subconscious sexual desires.

Importance Common sense and folk psychology assumes that people tend to act in their own interests.

Modern psychologists have been challenged to reconcile the two seemingly mutually exclusive theories of altruism and egoism with the concept of an evolving self, a self that is enriched by a widening sphere of investments in others (Kegan 1982).

Similarly, Maslow's actualized self is one whose more basic needs (ie., food, water, safety, belonging, esteem, and respect) have been met, propelling the self toward higher development and a concern for others.The assertion that people act in a purely egoist manner has several problems.Taken in the most literal sense, egoism can easily be proven false.People may be motivated by a myriad of feelings such as anger, fear, love, compassion, pride, a sense of justice, or a desire for knowledge.The theory assumes some ambiguity and fuses intentions and consequences.Mother Teresa tended to the needs of the poor and sick in India - washing, feeding, bathing, and loving the least valued people in Calcutta's society.Princess Diana Spencer used her fame and status to advocate for the banning of land mines; she donated her clothing to raise funds for several social causes.Many people are familiar with the Freudian ego, the part of our mind that mediates impulses and desires (Wallach and Wallach 1983).Freud's theory is distinct from the forms of egoism discussed in this paper.Thomas More, in his Utopia (1516), revived interest in seeking pleasure, by claiming that God gives us desires for pleasure and He wants us to be happy.Over the years, philosophers and, more recently, psychologists have grappled with the issue of human motivation.

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