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The “To” in line 102 is a preposition, introducing the absurdity of faulting heaven, by mourning his father.He is trying to get Hamlet to move forward, away from his father’s death.It is understandable that he wanted Hamlet to move on quickly.
Claudius begins his speech saying, “’Tis sweet and commendable in your nature, Hamlet, To give these mourning duties to your father“, but that he “must know your father lost a father, That father lost, lost his.”(1.2.87-89) But he insults Hamlet, adding “’Tis unmanly grief.”(1.2.94) This is the opposite of what Claudius says to Laertes later in the play, where he says that he should act quickly, “Time qualifies the spark and fire of it. A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it”(4.7.114-116).
He would prefer it is Laertes acted while his feelings of hatred and revenge were still fresh, whereas it would be preferable if Hamlet be quiet about his father instead of keeping his memory fresh in everyone’s minds.
Hamlet had probably been lamenting his father’s death for quite some time now, so Claudius had ample time to compose the speech.
It is unclear how much time passes between this point and when Hamlet puts on the play intended to catch Claudius in her guilt.
Claudius being opportunistic, finds yet another way to avoid killing Hamlet himself in Laertes.
Claudius speech to Laertes, in light of this news, is very off the cuff, clearly lacking in preparation in comparison to his speech to Hamlet on mourning for fathers.
Readers are lead to believe he is having some one else do the dirty work to save the Queen’s feelings, but I think it had just as much to do with politics.
Hamlet was well liked by the people, for reasons we are not aware of, and his punishment could lead the people to rally around him and rise up against the King.
He was mourning the death of his beloved father and his mother’s marriage to his uncle.
In Act 1 Scene 2 Claudius gives Hamlet a speech to try and get him to stop bringing up his father, probably fearing that the more the late King was talked about, or remembered, the more likely people were to look into his death.