While tests vary, students are typically given questions about grammar and mechanics, as well as timed essay-writing exercises in which they must write an essay in response to a writing prompt.
On 11th and 12th grade essay writing tests, students demonstrate their ability to produce an effective composition for a specific purpose, as well as their command of the conventions of spelling, capitalization, punctuation, grammar, usage, and sentence structure.
Students plan, draft, and complete written compositions on a regular basis, editing their essays for clarity, engaging language, and the correct use of standard American English.
11th graders and 12th graders practice all forms of writing, with an emphasis on writing coherent and focused persuasive essays that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument.
Capitalization —Eleventh- and twelfth-graders pay particular attention to capitalization of names of academic courses and proper adjectives.
Spelling — Use knowledge of spelling rules, orthographic patterns, generalizations, prefixes, suffixes, and roots, including Greek, Latin, and Anglo-Saxon root words.Writing standards for eleventh and twelfth grades define the knowledge and skills needed for writing proficiency at these grade levels.By understanding 11th and 12th grade writing standards, parents can be more effective in helping their children meet grade level expectations. In grades eleven and twelve, students are expected to produce error-free essays that demonstrate their understanding of the elements of writing (e.g., purpose, speaker, audience, form).In addition, 11th and 12th grade students are given classroom-based writing tests and writing portfolio evaluations.State writing assessments are correlated to state writing standards.—Use appropriate manuscript requirements in writing, including title page presentation, pagination, spacing and margins, and integration of source and support material.Punctuation —Identify and correctly use the mechanics of punctuation, including commas, colons, semicolons, apostrophes, dashes, quotation marks, parentheses, ellipses, brackets, and underlining or italics.In grades eleven and twelve, students are expected to respond productively to peer reviews of their own work.Writing standards recommend that each student keep and review a collection of his/her own written work to determine its strengths and weaknesses and to set goals as a writer.Organized into five key areas, writing standards focus on: writing process, writing purposes (what students write), writing evaluation, writing conventions (grammar, usage, and mechanics), and research/inquiry for writing.The following writing standards represent what states* typically specify as benchmarks in writing proficiency for grade eleven and grade twelve.