Gay Adoption Research Paper

Gay Adoption Research Paper-42
This report provides new information on GLB adoption and foster care from the U. Census 2000, the National Survey of Family Growth (2002), and the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (2004).Currently half a million children live in foster care in the United States and more than 100,000 foster children await adoption.Discussion and debate about adoption and foster care by gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) parents occurs frequently among child welfare policymakers, social service agencies, and social workers.

This report provides new information on GLB adoption and foster care from the U. Census 2000, the National Survey of Family Growth (2002), and the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (2004).Currently half a million children live in foster care in the United States and more than 100,000 foster children await adoption.Discussion and debate about adoption and foster care by gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) parents occurs frequently among child welfare policymakers, social service agencies, and social workers.

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• More than half of gay men and 41 percent of lesbians want to have a child.

• An estimated two million GLB people are interested in adopting.

The report closes with implications of this research for policymakers.

Key Findings • More than one in three lesbians have given birth and one in six gay men have fathered or adopted a child.

The report provides estimates of the number of adopted and fostered children of lesbians and gay men and describes the demographic characteristics of parents and children.

We compare gay and lesbian parents and their adopted and fostered children to parents and children in other family arrangements, including married and unmarried different-sex couples and single parents (who might be heterosexual or GLB).- Gay adoption by legal couples has become a rising controversy in the past decade, affecting the lives of many children and families.Most states allow gays and lesbians to individually adopt but do not allow them adoption as a legally recognized couple.We estimate the possible financial cost to states if they were to limit or deny GLB people the ability to foster, which could displace 9,000 to 14,000 children if pursued nationally.And while we cannot measure costs to children directly, we explore prior research suggesting that displacing children from their current foster homes may have harmful effects on the children’s development and well-being.• Gay and lesbian parents are raising four percent of all adopted children in the United States.• Same-sex couples raising adopted children are older, more educated, and have more economic resources than other adoptive parents.• Costs to individual states could range from 0,000 to million.Access to society journal content varies across our titles.• Adopted children with same-sex parents are younger and more likely to be foreign born.• An estimated 14,100 foster children are living with lesbian or gay parents.

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