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One reason for this influence is the timing of the work, appearing as it does at a crucial moment of transition between the middle and late phases of his career. Another reason is that is far more accessible than most of Foucault’s texts, probably because of the exigencies of the interview format. This work, part of a series on modern philosophers, examines Foucault’s views on ethics in the twentieth century. The first, which begins in the late 1950s and continues roughly until the late 1960s, may be called the “archaeological” period—a term that Foucault himself used to characterize his early methodology. In this work, Foucault is concerned primarily with the investigation of communities of discourse and the way in which particular languages or disciplinary codes define those communities.
In these interviews, Foucault responds to his critics and attempts to clarify and elaborate upon the arguments found in that work.
Central to his thesis is the notion that the appearance of the idea of prison reform in the early nineteenth century corresponds to (and is covertly linked to) the decline of sovereign authority in the person of the monarch.
Subjugated knowledges are those voices or traditions that were silenced by the discourses of modernity.
Foucault implies that such repressed or degraded knowledge has already begun to sprout through the cracks in the once-shining façade of the Age of Reason; however, he also argues the need for critical, erudite researchers such as himself, molelike students of hidden knowledge who will burrow deep beneath the foundations of progressivist historiography to uncover the irrational, the discontinuous, and the uncanny.
is a loosely related collection of writings and interviews that cover a crucial transitional period in Michel Foucault’s development as a thinker and theorist of power—his enduring theme.
Three distinct periods can be discerned in his work.Further, reform functioned principally through methods of surveillance, a term that signifies for...(The entire section is 616 words.) , particularly chapter 10, “The History of Sexuality,” indicate the new direction that Foucault’s research had begun to take in the final years of his life.In this regard, it is also worth noting that the interview is a highly regarded genre in French intellectual circles and is often used by scholars to introduce major clarifications and/or qualifications of earlier work, as well as to outline plans for works in progress. Contemporary Studies in Philosophy and the Human Sciences series. In the English-speaking world, , is transdisciplinary, its impact has been impressively broad. This privileging of space over time, paradigm over progress continues in the second phase of Foucault’s work; however, after 1968 he gradually abandoned his earlier claims for the primacy of discourse.In the second, or “genealogical” phase, Foucault’s emphasis shifted to an examination of power.Foucault seeks to destroy this fundamental idea of a unique inner nature that can be explored, with the help of experts, and liberated from repressive external forces, that is, societal conventions, religious... This book includes essays by several French thinkers who were influenced by Foucault.(The entire section is 469 words.) cannot be regarded as one of Foucault’s seminal works, it has nonetheless exerted a significant influence across a number of disciplines. These authors take up the breadth of Foucault’s life’s work and provide a firm foundation by which to understand his writing. The status of the term “knowledge” has been profoundly altered.The privilege once bestowed upon universal, hierarchical, and essentialist knowledge claims is now disrupted by what Foucault calls an irruption of “subjugated knowledges.” Subjugated knowledge is knowledge under the signs of the repressed, the marginal, the fragmented, and above all, the local.