Ask yourself, is this supplementary or tangential information that would otherwise disrupt the narrative flow of the text or is this essential information that I should integrate into the main text? A Guide to Footnotes and Endnotes for NASA History Authors. If you are not sure, it's better to work it into the text.Tags: 2007 Commonwealth EssayDissertation Student AffairsEssay For Psychology Grad SchoolAssign ToCreative Writing Prompts For 3rd GradeLack Of Opportunities EssayEssay Tense AgreementRosenberg Research PaperDissenting English Essay Literature Politics Teaching
If you are unsure about how to use endnotes, consult with your professor. In general, the use of footnotes in most academic writing is now considered a bit outdated and has been replaced by endnotes, which are much easier to place in your paper, even with the advent of word processing programs.
However, some disciplines, such as law and history, still predominantly utilize footnotes.
Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence.
When citing the source for a quotation, the number should be placed at the end of the quotation and not after the author's name if that appears first in the text.
This information is replaced by a shortened (5 words or less) form of the title: is italicised (as is in Latin), begins with a capital letter, and is followed by a full stop if referring to the same page (e.g.
20) or by a comma and the page number if referring to a different page (e.g.19): Back to top of page A bibliography is a list of all works used to write the essay.
Semicolons are used to separate each of the references.
However, it is conventional to place the primary source first when primary and secondary sources are cited in a single footnote, regardless of alphabetical order: Back to top of page It is not necessary to repeat all the bibliographical details if these have already been provided in previous footnotes.
A footnote begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
Align the footnote text vertically on the left-hand side as shown in the example below.