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A growing trade policy literature investigates the potential role of international agreements in reducing future policy uncertainty and thereby facilitating trade.
It is shown that changes in tax progressivity like those occurring during the second half of the 20th century can lead to polarization in the labor market.
A calibrated version of the model predicts these effects to be relatively small quantitatively.
The Swedish Competition Authority’s essay competition is for students who have written about competition and public procurement-related subjects as part of their Bachelor’s or Master’s degree project.
The prize winners are selected by a jury that consists of members of the Council for Research Issues and other Authority employees.The essays must have been approved within the period 1 September 2017 – 31 August 2018.The essays are to be submitted in electronic form by a representative of the institution or the student’s supervisor. The name and address of the essay’s author, along with their telephone number and e-mail address are to accompany the entry.Our results are suggestive of such international disciplines acting as an effective commitment device: GPA membership is associated with 1 a significantly higher import share following the 2008 financial crisis than is observed for countries that are not members.In addition, there is evidence that the GPA and PTAs that cover public procurement are partial substitutes.I find that the presence of deep PP provisions is indeed associated with significantly higher trade volume absorbed by the government sector in the importing country.When looking at government imports disaggregated by economic sector, it becomes clear that this aggregate finding is driven primarily by service sector imports.On the one hand, the literature on skillbiased technological change studies how general equilibrium effects between different types of workers shape relative earnings and thus the income distribution.On the other hand, the literature on taxation suggests that incentives to accumulate human capital drive the earnings distribution.This thesis consists of four chapters, covering a range of economic fields and methodologies.Chapter 1, joint work with Vinzenz Ziesemer, investigates how skill supply incentives and general equilibrium wage effects shape the earnings distribution, connecting two separate strands of the literature on earnings inequality.