• Provide examples of how Nelson Mandela collaborated with different individuals and groups who also experienced the oppression of apartheid.
• Nelson Mandela understood the power of collaborating, even with his rivals.
How did it help South African blacks and whites come to terms with their history and find ways to get along?
Lesson 3: Qualities of Effective Leadership In this lesson students will examine the leadership qualities of Nelson Mandela.
• Lesson 3: "Qualities of Effective Leadership" (Reading Informational Text and Class Discussion) In this lesson, students will understand Nelson Mandela’s style of leadership in his effort to end apartheid.
• Lesson 4: "Civil Rights in South Africa and the United States" (Reading Informational Text and Class Discussion) In this lesson, students will compare and contrast important aspects of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa with the civil rights movement of the United States.Lesson 1: Perseverance and Resilience This lesson examines the apartheid policy in South Africa and the resistance movement against it.After reading the article, students will discuss questions relating to South Africa’s apartheid policy and the actions of the African National Congress (ANC).• What similarities do you see between South African apartheid and racial segregation in the United States?• After the massacre at Sharpeville, the ANC changed its strategy against apartheid.Then have them exchange lists and write a paragraph answering the question using the other student’s notes.Have them trade back their essay paragraphs and discuss.What do you think of this change in strategy and do you feel the ANC had no choice? • Identify ways Nelson Mandela showed resilience and perseverance in his struggle against apartheid while in prison.Lesson 2: Collaboration and Alliance This lesson explores how Nelson Mandela and members of the ANC collaborated with other groups to end apartheid.You can also choose to divide the themes among the groups and have them answer one lesson’s questions. Provide time for student discussion and answer any questions students have. Bring the class together and have each group report their findings. Complete additional Critical-Thinking Questions, Paired-Writing Activities, and Extension Activities with students. Objectives/Overview of the Four Lessons: • Lesson 1: "Perseverance and Resilience" (Reading Informational Text and Class Discussion) In this lesson, students will understand the impact of apartheid on nonwhite South Africans, as well as the importance of perseverance and resilience in accomplishing goals.• Lesson 2: "Collaboration and Alliance" (Reading Informational Text and Class Discussion) In this lesson, students will identify ways Nelson Mandela collaborated with different people toward the goal of ending apartheid; analyze the costs and benefits of collaboration and alliance in reaching common goals.