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Once people realized that there were many things to be figured out about the way the world worked, new ways of thinking were created.
Another great advancement during the Scientific Revolution was in the field of astronomy.
Johannes Kepler proved the orbits of the planets were elliptical, but was unable to come up with an effective model of the solar system.
The medieval age was a dark age that revolved around the church’s decisions. before the scientific revolution, Ptolemy came up with the geocentric theory.
People relied on only others to make the decisions and to tell them what to believe. The Scientific Revolution was able to change the method of how people thought and how people viewed the world. The geocentric theory stated that the earth was the center of the universe and that the sun and planets revolved around it.
In the late 1500’s and early 1600’s, Johannes Kepler used mathematics to test Copernicus’s theory.
After many calculations and slight changes to Copernicus’s ideas, he decided that the heliocentric theory could be mathematically supported.That was left to Galileo, who in 1630 published his Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World, in which he supported the Copernican, or heliocentric theory of the universe, and denounced the Aristotelian system, which maintained the geocentric theory.Galileo supported his claims with elaborate evidence derived from the study of physics.Armed with these tools, the science of physics began to advance rapidly.The primary concepts changing social mores marked the beginning of the Enlightenment, as individualism, which stressed the importance of the individual and his rights as a citizen.Galileo (1564-1642), who created his own telescope after hearing about its recent invention, discovered the moons of Jupiter, which supported Copernicus’ theories.Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) is frequently considered to be the leading figure of the Scientific Revolution.Copernicus believed that the sun was the center of the universe and that the earth and all the other planets revolved around it.Because Copernicus’s idea contradicted the church and the senses, few people believed it.Because his work contradicted scripture, the church was very disapproving.In 1663, Galileo was sent to Rome to recant his beliefs. More and more scientists and philosophers were exploring astronomy and all asking questions on all aspects of how the world works.