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It also seeks to answer the question posed by the Wadsworth Atheneum curators—who was Anna Tuels? Visual Aspects The Anna Tuels Quilt is the earliest surviving medallion patchwork quilt to have been created in the United States.The curators of the Wadsworth Atheneum have assumed that it was produced in Maine, where it was found, though, as will be discussed below, it was most likely created in Marshfield, Massachusetts.
An early nineteenth-century North American example is the Catharine Ann Penniman Bradford Quilt, currently in a private collection in Wisconsin.
This quilt, which dates to 1825, includes a large embroidered vase and flowers as the central medallion.
Catharine was from Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts.
She was born in 1778 to William Penniman, whose shipyard produced the frigate for the U. government, and which became one of the main British targets during the War of 1812.
The rest of the quilt is composed of Yankee Puzzle squares.
A T-shaped drop panel was added to accommodate the posts at the foot of early nineteenth-century beds.
The earliest documented patchwork quilt in England (Fig. It dates to 1718 and is currently in the York Quilt Museum and Gallery in Peasholme Green (66 ½ x 73 inches). Birds, hearts, flowers, deer, and other appliquéd creatures coexist with Yankee Puzzle, Four-Square, Nine-Square, Star, Square-in-a-Square, and Crisscross patterns.
The backing is also pieced, the scraps of fabrics sewn together in a haphazard way.
The 1726 quilt in the Mc Cord Museum at Mc Gill University in Montreal (81 ½ x 77 ½ inches, Fig.
4), the earliest dated quilt in North America though perhaps created in England, also features this medallion patchwork style.