Essay On Environmental Pollution And Students Role To Control It

India is a party to the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in 1992.The Ministry of Environment and Forests came out with a notification in 1994 requiring almost all development projects to conduct a study for environmental impact assessment and get clearance for it.

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Another grave concern is in regard to the high amount of exposure that women and children suffer in relation to environmentally hazardous substances.

The eagerness of the policy makers and environmentalist is well reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 (hereinafter referred to as ‘UDHR’).

The most basic indicators of health hazard are air and water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, bad sanitation and loss of biodiversity.

Human health is under threat from natural sources, add to that human actions such as environmental pollution, deforestation etc have worsened the situation.Apart from these two acts, there are several other rules and regulations that go a long way in addressing the needs of a positive development in public health regime.Some of these are the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 , the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, the Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Amendment Rules, 2000.This Article makes it a primary duty of the State to improve public health. Vardhichand the Court made it binding on a defaulting municipality to perform this duty irrespective of the financial resources. In the course of this paper, we shall go deeper into these initiatives while for the present we may note some important legislation that have left a significant impression on the issues affecting public health in particular and environmental health in general.This duty of the state is necessarily linked to the ‘right to life’ under Article 21 of the Constitution and this was made abundantly clear in Shaibya v. The two areas of air pollution and water pollution have some major acts namely; the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 .The concept of interrelatedness, of global citizenship and a shared planet does not apply to only environmental issues but extends to the inter-linked responsibilities of human development and environmental protection.The interaction between human health and the environment is very complicated and difficult to assess, thus an objective and precautionary principle should be adopted.The Constitution of India has laid down a number of guidelines under part IV through the Directive Principles of State Policy (hereinafter referred to as ‘DPSP’) to ensure that the necessary measures are taken to preserve the environment even while working on the social and economic development projects.The most significant of these DPSPs is Article 47 of the Constitution which has in clear terms laid down the duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.The approach of the Indian environmental policy towards the delicate issues of health and environment are commendable.The types of pollution that have a very harmful impact on health of individuals are water pollution, air pollution, solid waste pollution and chemical pollution.


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