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It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use.It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato.Socrates asked people questions to reveal their irrational thinking or lack of reliable knowledge.
For example: Activity One: List the words on a timeline in the order in which they were invented.
Activity Two: List the words again in the order of importance to humans.
The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence.
Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.
It begins with vocabulary, one of the building blocks of language. The goal is actually NOT to arrive at a correct answer, but to get students to think more deeply about words, what they represent, how they are each part of bigger systems, how they relate to each other within those systems, and so on.
In all vocabulary development, students must know a word in three ways: by its form, its meaning, and its use. Students should know a word as it relates to other words. Therefore, does a sailboat move at the same speed as a hot air balloon, since they both move with the wind? Sometimes, but then a taxi has to stop at intersections. Perhaps we can find the average speed of one on the Internet. By doing so, students are required to use all of their language skills in the process.For example, let’s say that you are teaching students the following lexical set about forms of transportation: This activity, as simple as it sounds, involves lots of logic and critical thinking. The lesson is no longer about memorization and simple meaning. Students are much more likely to remember and use these vocabulary words after such an activity.For example, students may decide that a skateboard is probably the slowest form of transportation on the list. Of course, any number of vocabulary sets can be used, with a variety of other critical thinking activities.My focus for this particular post is on the skill known as “critical thinking.” I look at critical thinking as a series of abilities that take students beyond simple comprehension of information.A critical thinker uses logic and evidence to prioritize and classify information, find relationships, make judgments, and solve problems.Aristotle and subsequent Greek skeptics refined Socrates' teachings, using systematic thinking and asking questions to ascertain the true nature of reality beyond the way things appear from a glance. The "first wave" of critical thinking is often referred to as a 'critical analysis' that is clear, rational thinking involving critique. During the process of critical thinking, ideas should be reasoned, well thought out, and judged.Socrates set the agenda for the tradition of critical thinking, namely, to reflectively question common beliefs and explanations, carefully distinguishing beliefs that are reasonable and logical from those that—however appealing to our native egocentrism, however much they serve our vested interests, however comfortable or comforting they may be—lack adequate evidence or rational foundation to warrant belief. defines critical thinking as the "intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action." In the term critical thinking, the word critical, (Grk.His method of questioning is now known as "Socratic questioning" and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy.In his mode of questioning, Socrates highlighted the need for thinking for clarity and logical consistency.In the second blog post in our series on 21st Century skills, (to accompany our teacher training videos on the same subject), Charles Vilina talks more specifically about critical thinking skills and how you can bring critical thinking into your lessons.Century thinking and learning, I promised some more specifics in later blogs.