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His conceit and arrogance were eventually to lead to his execution. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny. To raise money for the king, the Court heavily fined those brought before it. If they refused to do so, they were fined the same sum of money it would have cost for a title anyway!In 1635 Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money.
Spain was still not considered a friendly nation to England and many still remembered 1588 and the Spanish Armada.
The marriage never took place but the damaged relationship between king and Parliament was never mended by the time James died in 1625.
James expected Parliament to do as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions.
However, Parliament had one major advantage over James – they had money and he was continually short of it. This was one source of James income but Parliament told him that he could not collect it without their permission.
This caused great offence to those Members of Parliament who believed that they had the right to run the country.
English Civil War Essays
In 1621, James re-called Parliament to discuss the future marriage of his son, Charles, to a Spanish princess. If such a marriage occurred, would the children from it be brought up as Catholics?Charles decided that everyone in the kingdom benefited from the navy’s protection and that everyone should pay.In one sense, Charles was correct, but such was the relationship between him and the powerful men of the kingdom, that this issue caused a huge argument between both sides.As in our last number, Guizot once again adopts a very sympathetic interpretation of people and events, though he takes pains to balance his narrative with criticism.As a practitioner of history, Guizot was a child of Enlightenment rationalism—his history was the product of steady, consistent, and highly capable archival research and mountains of evidence.In 1611, James suspended Parliament and it did not meet for another 10 years.James used his friends to run the country and they were rewarded with titles.Only six days after trying to arrest the five Members of Parliament, Charles left London to head for Oxford to raise an army to fight Parliament for control of England. Nearing the end of his lectures, Guizot turns to the English Civil Wars (what he calls the “Revolution,” 1642-1651).Someone close to the king had already tipped off Parliament that these men were about to be arrested and they had already fled to the safety of the city of London where they could easily hide from the king. If Charles was prepared to arrest five Members of Parliament, how many others were not safe?Even Charles realised that things had broken down between him and Parliament.