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Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages. This legislation established a variety of employment, training, and demonstration programs for youth.Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations In response to high levels of unemployment and other employment- related problems of American youth, the federal government enacted the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act (YEDPA; P. With the passage of YEDPA, federal spending on employment programs earmarked for youth approxi- mately doubled, bringing the total to about billion per year.You can also configure an automatic alert based on these different types of program/contract (see the “Creating an automatic alert” section of this FAQ).
(2002), "Effectiveness of on‐the‐job training", Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol.
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Although exact comparisons cannot be made (comparable data are not yet available), it appears that at the beginning of 1985 the employment problems of youths were of about the same magnitude and configuration as they were in 1978, including racial differentials.
3 LIMITATIONS OF THIS REVIEW Our ability to respond to our charge was necessarily constrained by the nature of the material we had to work with.
We have attempted to test the individual YEDPA research reports against reasonable standards of scientific quality with respect to both the data collected and the methods used to measure program effects.
The reports that met such standards were not necessarily evenly dis- tributed over the range of youth programs and target groups.Besides this substantial commitment of funds, YEDPA was unique in its explicit commitment of substantial resources to research and evaluation efforts intended to test alternative ways of meeting the needs of youth.YEDPA programs ended in 1981 with the change in presidential administration. Department of Labor (DOL) requested that the National Research Council (NRC) review the products of the YEDPA research effort.Although we searched the literature available beyond the reports generated as part of the YEDPA process and consulted with people experienced with youth programs and related research, we had to rely almost exclusively on the reports of particular YEDPA youth demonstration projects to assess the effec- tiveness of youth programs.The exceptions were studies of three programs that began before YEDPA, the Job Corps, the Summer Youth Employment Program, and Supported Work.Finally, it is apparent that young unwed mothers have very serious and special problems in qualifying for, finding, and holding jobs, espe- cially at earnings sufficient for their families' economic viability.Since the end of YEDPA in 1981 the United States has experienced both the deepest recession since the 1930s, which reached its trough in 1983, and a sharp economic recovery.If so, the growing black- white in-school employment gap foreshadows a later out-of-school black-white gap in employment and earnings.The black-white employment gap for out-of-school youths also grew during this period for both males and females.There has also been a notable decline in the absolute size of the youth population since it reached its peak in the early 1980s.It seems reasonable to ask in light of these events if the nature of the youth employment problem has sub- stantially changed, in its general configuration, from what it was in 1978, as outlined above, when YEDPA began.