Currently it's uneconomical on its own as means of producing more nuclear fuel, but makes sense from a long-term waste management perspective.
The anti-nuclear movement opposes reprocessing, because it believes it could lead to more nuclear proliferation (see further below) and that it pollutes the environment with radioactivity (wrong).
If we define "solution" as something that lets humanity forget about the waste without adverse consequences at a cost that is a small portion of the price of generated electricity, then there are a few options.
The most popular of them is deep geological disposal, which is currently the best researched method.
These were the two repositories for intermediate and low-level nuclear waste (e.g.
not spent fuel) that were built in Germany: Asse II and Morsleben.Four projects seem to have succeeded, for example, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in USA is already operating and began accepting military transuranic waste in 1998. Two other projects, the planned final storage facilities at Gorleben in Germany and Yucca Mountain in the USA, were cancelled or put on hold indefinitely.The extremely long lifes of waste are usually obtained due to a misapplication of a rule of thumb for short-lived isotopes, which says that a sample is no longer radioactive after 10 half-lifes.It does not necessarily reflect the views expressed in Rational Wiki's Mission Statement, but we welcome discussion of a broad range of ideas.Unless otherwise stated, this is original content, released under CC-BY-SA 3.0 or any later version. Feel free to make comments on the talk page, which will probably be far more interesting, and might reflect a broader range of Rational Wiki editors' thoughts.This option is also unpopular with the anti-nuclear movement. there is a 0.1c/k Wh levy on nuclear generated electricity that goes into the Nuclear Waste Fund. The federal government has not yet managed to create a permanent waste disposal facility using this money. Decommissioning is paid for by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, a government-funded entity.This might be due to teething problems of the technology, such as sodium leaks and fires (altrough not all waste burning reactors use sodium coolant). The last point assumes that waste will be put into underground repositories before we fall off the radar. Dividing its total budget by the nuclear electricity generation gives a large subsidy of 2.3p/k Wh.But it's also the public that stages and participates in those protests.When you divide world reserves of uranium by the current consumption, you get about 70 years as the time horizon for uranium depletion.They reused the sites of former salt mines, and previous mining work led to structural stability problems in the salt domes.Both are in poor condition and leaking contaminated brine.