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Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide.
It is a question that anthropologists have been asking themselves for years.
From then on, however, anything involving Arabic culture was deemed that of “terrorists.” This process does work both ways, however.
The cultural relativist would also say, however, that there is a culture where it is acceptable to limit certain areas of freedom from women.
These two intricate issues will continue to be a part of every society until the end of time.
Ethnocentrism is the practice of viewing and judging someone else's culture based on the values and beliefs of one's own.
From this standpoint, we might frame other cultures as weird, exotic, intriguing, and even as problems to be solved.It shapes what we consider to be good and bad art, music, and film, as well as what we consider to be tasteful or tacky consumer goods.The work of sociologist Pierre Bourdieu features ample discussion of these phenomena, and the consequences of them.Due in large part to ethnocentrism, this has become a highly politicized and volatile practice in today's world.By acknowledging cultural relativism, we can recognize that our culture shapes what we consider to be beautiful, ugly, appealing, disgusting, virtuous, funny, and abhorrent.Citizens of other nations have long made it clear that they believe Americans are nothing but greedy, power-hungry people.I have known several people that visited France, for example, and were treated as though they did not belong because they were Americans.If the meal was not satisfactory the Bushmen would be angry and go to war with one another (Lee, 1-2).If Lee had exercised cultural relativism he would have put aside what he considered to be a healthy ox and his pride, and asked one of the locals to advise him of the beast they normally partook of.Cultural relativism refers to the idea that the values, knowledge, and behavior of people must be understood within their own cultural context.This is one of the most fundamental concepts in sociology, as it recognizes and affirms the connections between the greater social structure and trends and the everyday lives of individual people.