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Both types of experience, external and internal, “provide the materials in our minds of all his thoughts,” and are “the two sources from which all the ideas we have, or we can have naturally.” Our senses are first affected in various ways by external objects, resulting in a certain type of perception, and thus their minds.Thus we get the idea from white to yellow, cold, etc.., More generally, what we call sensible qualities. Or mind not only to welcome these ideas obtained through passive sensation: the operations of the mind (thinking, doubting, believing, reasoning, willing, etc.). As a result, new ideas emerge, and the origin of the latter is no longer the sensation but the reflection.
If the primary qualities are in bodies, and thus are similar to the ideas we have, secondary qualities are not really in things, and ideas that we do not correspond to reality.
To better understand this idea, Locke is an example: “This is sweet, blue or hot in the idea is nothing in the body which we give these names a certain size, shape and particle motion insensitive which they are composed.
Essay concerning Human Understanding tries to identify the various faculties of our mind, and how ideas are formed.
Thus, we may discover the limits of knowledge, and therefore, we can identify an area of thought where truth is attainable, and another where this is impossible.
To answer this question, Locke uses the famous metaphor of the empty table (or tabula rasa): “Let us suppose that in the beginning, the soul is called a vacuum, void of all characters, without any idea of any kind. […] Where she draws all these materials that are like the back of all reasoning and all knowledge? The answer to Locke, who founded his empire: “To this I answer in one word, from experience: that is the foundation of all knowledge, and that’s where they get their first home “.
This experience is one of the objects of the sensible world, as well as domestic operations of our minds.
Locke shows that man can discover all the ideas by the mere use of his natural faculties.
Thus, man is not born with the idea of red, but he acquires it through the view.
Nevertheless, some principles are universally recognized. Can you imagine them to be because of their innate character?
Locke questions the existence of universal principles.