Each stage involves the different components of the criminal justice system the police, the courts and corrections.
The first stage of investigation and arrest involve issuing a warrant to gather evidence to reconstruct the crime scene.
Celebrating the scholarship of Andrew Ashworth, Vinerian Professor of English Law at the University of Oxford, this book explores questions of principle and value in criminal law and criminal justice.
Internationally renowned for elaborating a body of principles and values that should underpin criminalization, the criminal process, and sentencing, Ashworth's contribution to the field over forty years of scholarship has been immense.
A defense attorney can become involved in a case before the person is investigated or arrested because everyone has the right to counsel at any time.
A magistrate judge’s function begins after the police file a criminal complaint and ends when the case proceeds to trial.
Restoration attempts to repair the damage done to the victim by building back the relationship between the victim and the criminal and between the criminal and the community.
Incapacitation takes away the criminal’s ability to further harm the community by removing them from society, incarcerating them in a proper facility.
Those in Part 1 address the import and role of principles in the development of a just criminal law, with contributions focusing upon core tenets such as the presumption of innocence, fairness, accountability, the principles of criminal liability, and the grounds for defences.
Part 2 addresses questions of human rights and due process protections in both domestic and international law.