However, sometimes circulation is a mix of both following the integration within tightly controlled circuits (assigned roads and lanes) and their loosening of these restrictive pathways, such as walking through a building to get to the next parallel street instead of walking around the building.
In the book ‘Circulation and the City’ explains it a collective effort to find the balance in urban space that embodies both these rigidifying and anarchic tendencies. In our aspiration in making Australian cities the top liveable cities in the world, it would be fascinating to look into the data and analysis of these movements and transforming them as methodology on how we design our future urban fabric and making circulation accessible, functional with a long-term sustainability in mind.
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For example, walking around Melbourne CBD laneways with its graffiti culture creates an urban circulation experiences that is enjoyable experience.
Access and circulation are important features with the aim of creating liveable cities.
Urban public space has become one component, arguably of secondary importance, in a variegated field of civic and political formation.
This would almost certainly be the view held in cultural and political studies, with the emphasis falling on the salience, respectively, of media, consumer and lifestyle cultures, and of representative, constitutional and corporate politics.
The history of urban planning is one of the attempts to manage public space in ways that build sociality and civic engagement out of the encounter between strangers.
It draws on a long lineage of thought including the classical Greek philosophers, theorists of urban modernity such as Benjamin, Simmel, Mumford, Lefebvre and Jacobs, and contemporary urban visionaries such as Sennett, Sandercock and Zukin, all suggesting a strong link between urban public space and urban civic virtue and citizenship.