Casualty Essay Six Woman

Casualty Essay Six Woman-49
But one could also point to Brucker's Lusanna in 1455 as an instance where, even well into the Quattrocento, there were woman like Filippa who did still actively challenge "the system," when seriously provoked.[1] Specific instances aside however, Cohn's findings overwhelmingly suggest a general trend of enveloping patriarchy, which eventually silenced the feminine voice in Florentine tribunals.The second essay, titled simply "Last Wills," comes to a similar conclusion.Here, he strikes down an historical given, namely that female agency was universally reigned in, in the stricter atmosphere of Post-Tridentine Italy.

But one could also point to Brucker's Lusanna in 1455 as an instance where, even well into the Quattrocento, there were woman like Filippa who did still actively challenge "the system," when seriously provoked.[1] Specific instances aside however, Cohn's findings overwhelmingly suggest a general trend of enveloping patriarchy, which eventually silenced the feminine voice in Florentine tribunals.The second essay, titled simply "Last Wills," comes to a similar conclusion.Here, he strikes down an historical given, namely that female agency was universally reigned in, in the stricter atmosphere of Post-Tridentine Italy.

Where mendicant ideals and preaching HAD changed testamentary practices however (in the towns of Siena, Assisi, and Pisa), he found that women's power over property was stronger.

With the third essay, "Women and the Counter Reformation in Siena," Cohn moves in space and time; geographically southwest from Florence to Siena, and temporally ahead from the late medieval period to the era of the Counter Reformation.

This broad-scale study of hundreds of testaments to convents, aims to understand an early example of a shift in bequests, which after 1363, began to focus on earthly remembrance, and began dumping the influence of mendicant piety.

Those who really suffer here are the small religious houses and independent religious women, for whom the records fall silent.

They ceased being "simple cogs in the transmission of property down male family lineages, and instead, could dispose of their patrimonies more fully and freely..." (p.75) He calls for a reassessment of what he terms the "supposed analogous developments" of the age of authoritarianism ushered in by the Counter Reformation, and a more sensitive reading of what he sees as a more multifaceted era (p.74).[2] In essay number four, entitled "Nuns and Dowry Funds" and arguably his most complex, Cohn stays with last wills and testaments, but again shifts time and space, this time moving backward to 1362-63, after the first return of the Black Death of 1348.

He widens his scope from Siena to include the five other northern Italian towns noted above.

While property values rose and population was stabilized, the human cost was dear indeed. H-Net permits the redistribution and reprinting of this work for nonprofit, educational purposes, with full and accurate attribution to the author, web location, date of publication, originating list, and H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online.

One valuable habit of mind in Cohn's writing is his continual suggestions for new areas in which historical inquiry could be fruitfully focused. For any other proposed use, contact the Reviews editorial staff at [email protected]

Here, Cohn has compared late-Trecento and early-Quattrocento last wills and testaments from Florence with wills from five other towns: Arezzo, Perugia, Siena, Assisi, and Pisa.

His findings show that in Florence, and to a lesser degree, Arezzo and Perugia, women fared badly in terms of the disposition of property, which was firmly under the control of the patriarchal lineages into which they had married.

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