Brave New World Essays

Brave New World Essays-79
She had meanwhile become pregnant by a fellow-holidaymaker (who is revealed to be Bernard's boss, the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning).

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Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back.

On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter.

Bernard's popularity is fleeting, though, and he becomes envious that John only really bonds with the literary-minded Helmholtz.

Considered hideous and friendless, Linda spends all her time using soma, while John refuses to attend social events organised by Bernard, appalled by what he perceives to be an empty society.

Brave New World is a dystopian novel by English author Aldous Huxley, written in 1931 and published in 1932.

Largely set in a futuristic World State, inhabited by genetically modified citizens and an intelligence-based social hierarchy, the novel anticipates huge scientific advancements in reproductive technology, sleep-learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning, that are combined to make a utopian society which is challenged by only a single individual: the story's protagonist.The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.Bernard, as "custodian" of the "savage" John who is now treated as a celebrity, is fawned on by the highest members of society and revels in attention he once scorned.Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, quoting often from The Tempest, King Lear, Othello, Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.Linda now wants to return to London, and John, too, wants to see this "brave new world".Despite spending his whole life in the reservation, John has never been accepted by the villagers, and his and Linda's lives have been hard and unpleasant.Linda has taught John to read, although from the only two books in her possession—a scientific manual and the complete works of Shakespeare.Huxley followed this book with a reassessment in essay form, Brave New World Revisited (1958), and with his final novel, Island (1962), the utopian counterpart.The novel is often compared to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World as #5 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.Translations of the title often allude to similar expressions used in domestic works of literature: the French edition of the work is entitled Le Meilleur des mondes (The Best of All Worlds), an allusion to an expression used by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz By this time, Huxley had already established himself as a writer and social satirist.

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