Global mean surface temperature change from 1880 to 2017, relative to the 1951–1980 mean.The black line is the global annual mean and the red line is the five-year lowess smooth.One of the authors' main arguments is that most prominent scientists who have been voicing opposition to the near-universal consensus are being funded by industries, such as automotive and oil, that stand to lose money by government actions to regulate greenhouse gases.Tags: Teenage Pregnancy Argumentative EssayOnline Critical Thinking SBest Gallery For Thesis ThemeCompare Literature EssaysHomework For Year 4Faire Intro Dissertation Philo
The blue uncertainty bars show a 95% confidence limit. The global warming controversy concerns the public debate over whether global warming is occurring, how much has occurred in modern times, what has caused it, what its effects will be, whether any action should be taken to curb it, and if so what that action should be.
In the scientific literature, there is a strong consensus that global surface temperatures have increased in recent decades and that the trend is caused by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases.
But there is no evidence of alarm over global warming in either the United States or China—the two largest producers of greenhouse gases.
Just 19% of Americans and 20% of the Chinese who have heard of the issue say they worry a lot about global warming—the lowest percentages in the 15 countries surveyed.
A 15-nation poll conducted in 2006, by Pew Global found that there "is a substantial gap in concern over global warming—roughly two-thirds of Japanese (66%) and Indians (65%) say they personally worry a great deal about global warming.
Roughly half of the populations of Spain (51%) and France (46%) also express great concern over global warming, based on those who have heard about the issue.A 2009 survey found that Europeans rated climate change as the second most serious problem facing the world, between "poverty, the lack of food and drinking water" and "a major global economic downturn".87% of Europeans considered climate change to be a very serious or serious problem, while ten per cent did not consider it a serious problem.Global warming remains an issue of widespread political debate, often split along party political lines, especially in the United States.Many of the issues that are settled within the scientific community, such as human responsibility for global warming, remain the subject of politically or economically motivated attempts to downplay, dismiss or deny them—an ideological phenomenon categorised by academics and scientists as climate change denial.Hansen's testimony to the Senate, which explicitly attributed "the abnormally hot weather plaguing our nation" to global warming.According to Anabela Carvalho, an academic analyst, Thatcher's "appropriation" of the risks of climate change to promote nuclear power, in the context of the dismantling of the coal industry following the 1984–1985 miners' strike was one reason for the change in public discourse.He has to act on what is there." Many European countries took action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions before 1990.West Germany started to take action after the Green Party took seats in Parliament in the 1980s.Moreover, nearly half of Americans (47%) and somewhat fewer Chinese (37%) express little or no concern about the problem." Robert Watson found this "very disappointing" and said "We need the public to understand that climate change is serious so they will change their habits and help us move towards a low carbon economy." A 2012 Canadian poll, found that 32% of Canadians said they believe climate change is happening because of human activity, while 54% said they believe it's because of human activity and partially due to natural climate variation.9% believe climate change is occurring due to natural climate variation, and only 2% said they don't believe climate change is occurring at all.