Unless it is solved our Five Year Plans cannot raise our standard of living. A planned population control programme should be launched to check this phenomenal growth in population in our country.The first step, of course is the education of the people. They have to realize that it is a sin to have a large family.
Punitive measures are also being thought of to curb this population explosion. With the result that there is no check on increase in poverty, misery, diseases, dissatisfaction, frustration, unemployment and illiteracy.
Even the bare necessities of life are being denied to the people, and millions and millions of citizens are living under the line of poverty.
In spite of our planned development and scientific progress, the spectre of starvation has been staring the masses.
The reasons behind this rapid growth of our population are too obvious to be ignored.
Medicines, operations and other devices, that help in checking the birth-rate should be made available to all. A suggestion has been made that the country should declare a two-year baby holiday. The present population explosion and baby-boom is a very serious problem. The rapid growth of population in India has nullified most of our achievements in the fields of economics, industrialisation, employment generation, planning and development.
It has also been suggested that the one-child family norm should be adopted for with. The phenomenal increase in our population has left far behind ‘our developmental and technological gains.By the turn of this century we shall have a population of 1000 million.Our growth of population at the rate of 2% is really alarming.The tropical climate of the country helps the high degree of fertility among Indian women.Here a girl of 15-16 years old is mature enough to deliver a child if married.Early marriage, great fertility in Indian women, decline in the rate of mortality because of modern facilities in medicine, surgery and health care, illiteracy and lack of proper education in family planning, etc., are some of the major causes of the problems.Though child marriage has been banned, yet it prevails as a social custom in many states and every year thousands of child marriages are performed before the very eyes of the custodians of the law.Besides this, an improvement in the economic condition of the people will also bring down the birth rate. Attractive incentives should be given to those couples who come forward to plan their families.Those who refuse to all in line should be suitably penalized and discouraged. With the crossing of the billion mark, the planners in the Government of India have once again started thinking of steps that can be taken of control population in the country.According to Malthus population increases in geometrical progression while resources of sustenance increase only in arithmetical progression.Malthus would have been happy to see his theory come true in India, had he been alive.