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He is also a rich and powerful person, and he does not want to lose his power or wealth by upsetting the status quo of society.Tom does not respect Gatsby because he came from a lower class.Perhaps Nick subconsciously sees Gatsby as a blurred image, and proceeds to describe him in the only way he understands “as if he were related to one of those intricate machines that register earthquakes 10,000 miles away." (Fitzgerald 11-12).
The man with owl eyed glasses seems to notice how unrealistic Gatsby is by inspecting if his books are real. Nick cannot physically describe the appearance of Gatsby.
This is because Gatsby has no singular physical appearance.
When Nick first encounters Gatsby, he is enamoured by his presence and begins to describe his smile with "an irresistible prejudice in your favour.
It understood you just as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself" (Fitzgerald 45-46).
Counter realism is also used in this book to make inanimate objects feel alive.
This can be seen when describing Gatsby's car "swollen here and there with its monstrous length...terraced with a labyrinth of wind-shields that mirrored a dozen suns" (Fitzgerald 57).
Tom is against this idea of success for the working class and as such, is against Gatsby.
If Gatsby is the American Dream, then Tom is the truth about what America has become, and exemplifies the fallacy of the American Dream.
Gatsby has such an American presence about him, that it reminds Daisy of an advertisement.
This exemplifies the idea that Gatsby is not a real person, to the same degree of the other characters. His parties seem very extraordinary with so many guests attending.