95 Thesis By Martin Luther

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Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite &c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret. Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis. Morituri per mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere. Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e.

Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius. Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam.

So, Martin Luther, on October 31, 1517 drew up a list of points for debate and he had 95 in total. I thought for Reformation Day this year we would talk about the Top 5 of the 95.

So here it goes, the Top 5: In the first Thesis Luther says, “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said ‘repent’ He intended that the entire life of believers should be repentance.” Now after Luther wrote the 95 Theses, he also wrote a document called “Explanation of the 95 Theses,” and in that text he explains that this word “repent” in the Latin Vulgate was translated as , which means, translated, as “Go, and do penance.” The year before 1517, in 1516, Erasmus published the Greek text and Luther had a copy of that Greek text. So this return to Scripture had an immediate impact on the very first of Luther’s 95 Theses. Now we need a little background for this one as well.

Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri?

Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis? Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. In Thesis number 27, Luther says, “They preach man made doctrines who say that it’s so soon as the coin jingles into the money box, the soul flies out of purgatory.” Now this is a reference to Tetzel.Tetzel was an enterprising monk who was selling indulgences, and he even came up with an advertising jingle, and in German it had a rhyme to it. So Luther is picking up on that to say this is a man made doctrine. In Thesis 50 Luther says, “Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the indulgence-preachers he would rather that St. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare? You will then be sent a link via email to verify your account.If you are not a member or are having any other problems, please contact customer support.Luther (1483–1546), a German priest and professor of theology, became the most important figure in the great religious revolt against the Catholic Church known as the Reformation.While he intended to use the 95 theses as the basis for an academic dispute, his indictment of church practices rapidly spread, thanks to the then still-new art of printing.Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology and an official professor at Wittenberg, will speak in their defense.He asks this in the matter: That those who are unable to be present to debate with us in speech should, though absent from the scene, treat the matter by correspondence. Amen.” The document went on to list 95 clerical abuses, chiefly relating to the sale of indulgences (payment for remission of earthly punishment of sins) by the Roman Catholic Church.

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